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GREEN FACTS
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SunflowerThe United States consumes 21.1 million barrels per day of oil, which is more than 25% of the world's total. As a result of our consumption, the U.S produces one fourth of the world's carbon emissions.  Despite predictions that the U.S. will exhaust its supply of oil in as little as forty years, demand is on the increase, and is predicted to climb. Increased population, new uses for petroleum and rising standard of living are contributing factors for higher demand. The U.S. produces 12% of the world's oil, and this production is concentrated onshore, and offshore along the Texas Louisiana Gulf Coast, extending inland through west Texas, Oklahoma, and eastern Kansas. There are also significant oil fields in Alaska along the central North Slope.

The oil crisis of the early 1970's changed the future outlook of oil and gave bio-fuels a new lease on life. Although bio-fuels had been around since the early 1900’s and were called “the fuel of the future”, oil companies thought otherwise. Today’s consumers are familiar with ethanol blended gasoline; E85 (85% ethanol 15% gasoline) or E10 (10% ethanol 90% gasoline), is available throughout the world. The US leads the world in ethanol production with 7 billion gallons of cleaner, ethanol-blended gasoline used in 2007, about 12% of fuel sales in the US. Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors all recommend ethanol fuels, and nearly every car manufacturer in the world approves ethanol blends in their warranty coverage.

Ethanol is made by fermenting and then distilling starch or sugar crops such asCornplant sugar-cane, maize, sorghum, and wheat and other grains, or even cornstalks, fruit and vegetable waste.

Ethanol is a much cleaner fuel.

It is a renewable fuel made from plants

It is not a fossil-fuel: manufacturing it and burning it does not increase global warming

It provides high octane at low cost as an alternative to harmful fuel additives

Ethanol blends can be used in all petrol engines without modifications

Ethanol is biodegradable without harmful effects on the environment

It significantly reduces harmful exhaust emissions

Ethanol's high oxygen content reduces carbon monoxide levels more than any other oxygenate: by 25-30%, according to the US EPA

Ethanol blends dramatically reduce emissions of hydrocarbons, a major contributor to the depletion of the ozone layer

High-level ethanol blends reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by up to 20%

Ethanol can reduce net carbon dioxide emissions by up to 100% on a full life-cycle basis

High-level ethanol blends can reduce emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) by 30% or more (VOCs are major sources of ground-level ozone formation)

FloweronwaterAs an octane enhancer, ethanol can cut emissions of cancer-causing benzene and butadiene by more than 50%

*Sulphur dioxide and Particulate Matter (PM) emissions are significantly decreased with ethanol.

With the introduction of E85 and E10 into the marketplace, Giant was proactive in our migration to this cleaner, renewal energy source at our retail locations. We recognize and support the importance of bio-fuels and their positive effects on our environment. We are pleased to offer this product to our customers.